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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1983 ; Volume 4 No. 3, Year 1983, Pages 279-282: Management of Human Excreta

By Zhong-Xian Lu

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Book Id: WPLBN0000021837
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.3 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1983 ; Volume 4 No. 3, Year 1983, Pages 279-282: Management of Human Excreta  
Author: Zhong-Xian Lu
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Lu, Z. X. (n.d.). World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1983 ; Volume 4 No. 3, Year 1983, Pages 279-282. Retrieved from http://sonyebooklibrary.com/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
From time immemorial, human excreta have been applied to farmlands as an organic fertilizer in China because of their effectiveness and because of the substantial quantity available. At the time of liberation, agricultural production in Shanghai county was based primarily on small-scale farming bv individual households. Each household had a private vat for storing its own excreta for use as fertilizer. Most peasants used river water for drinking because of the scarcity of wells, and they washed their night commodes and tools involved in the utilization of excreta directly in the rivers. Because of these practices, water sources were heavily contaminated by excreta, leading to continuing transmission of parasitic and infectious enteric diseases. The overall prevalence of schistosomiasis in endemic areas was approximately 26%, reaching a maximum of over 60 % in one commune. The average rate of infection with hookworm was 36.5% in 1956, and the mortality rate of infectious enteric diseases was 13.7 per 100 000 in 1960. Consequently, proper management of excreta was a measure of major importance in reducing disease and raising the health level of the people.

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